It is well known that famous writers often lead lives that are not typical
of their contemporaries, but few writers have the luxury of being able
to devote their whole lives to writing, or the desire to do so. A few examples
from the 18th and 19th century literary world should demonstrate the point.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was active in various fields, besides writing
poems, novels and plays. After studying law, art, music, anatomy and chemistry
in Strasburg in his early twenties, he became minister of state in Weimar
and manager of the court theatre. Leo Tolstoy was known as an educational
reformer and pacifist moral philosopher as well as being the author of
the fiction classics War and Peace and Anna Karenina. From 1859, he set
up 13 schools for peasant children, all based on a libertarian philosophy.
Lewis Carroll, in addition to writing Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland,
was a mathematician, photographer and university teacher, who traveled
widely throughout the world. Separated by distance and genre, these three
authors all serve to prove the point that the myth of writers separated
from the world in their ‘ivory towers’ holds little substance in reality.
要約文はmain ideaとthe most important detailで構成します。「どこまで要約すればいいのか」はthe most
important detailまでで、minor detailsは要約しません。頂いた和訳の後にアドバイスを載せましたので、参考にして頂ければと思います。