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西洋文化の中のドラマを履修したときのウィークリー・レクチャー・ジャーナルのLog9と10で内容はRestorationとSummaryです。

Journal Log #9 and #10HEA

Log #9 for Week 9, March 4-8

Restoration:
A huge political upheaval preceded Restoration period. In 1649, Charles I was executed by the Puritans. The Parliament strongly disagreed with the divine right of kings or absolute monarchy. Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans took control, establishing the Commonwealth. .. . Oliver Cromwell was a virtual dictator, says Brockett. During the eighteen years between 1642 and 1660, the Puritans sought to stamp out theatrical activity (233). This eighteen years was the period of Civil War. With the Cromwell’s death, however, the Loyalist resumed their power and began controlling over the government. People were sick and fed up with the years of war. CharlesII was living in exile and was spending substantial time with Louis XIV. Charles II was finally invited back to England and reclaimed the throne for Stuart dynasty.

Professor Luciano described Charles II as “Merry King.”  This king was lazy and pleasure loving, spending substantial amount of money.  He was interested in science too. When he came back to England, he brought a taste of French, such as wigs and mode of dress.  This is so-called Frenchfication of English culture.

On Friday, I was very pleased to watch a film, Restoration.  The costume pinpointed this Frenchfication of English culture and made a significant impact on overall film production. Music was very rich in terms of the instrumentation. In particular, the strings orchestra beautifully played the theme at a couple of scenes, which amplified the character’s emotion. The melody was very simple but did stick in my head.  The film was an excellent choice because the visual gave me a clear image of the time. The issues of population growth as well as a spread of plague are present in this film, which justify the time and place. Great fire in London is also depicted at the crisis scene. Using Charles II as Deus ex Maquina, the film resolved the hero’s journey to a happy end.

The drama written during the Restoration period can be divided into two categories: Restoration comedy and Restoration comedy of the manner or intrigue. One of the works in the former is Wycheley’s The Country Wife. Moral ambiguity and the aspects of satire characterize this play as Restoration comedy.  The character Mr. Honor is a mirror image of Charles II.  For the latter, Brockett writes, “The best example of this [comedy of intrigue] genre is Aphra Behn’s Rover . . . Behn was the first woman anywhere known to have made her living as a playwright” (238).  Almost all of the Restoration comic dramas accounted for loosing up the time, projecting an image of Charles II. The whole tone of drama shifted because women were allowed to perform on stage for the first time in English drama history.

Log #10 for Week 10, March 11-15

Summary:
We have time-traveled more than 1,300 years, exploring the development of European dramatic literature and production practice in depth.  In comparison to the last term, DWC students seem more spontaneous and responsible for their task force group assignments.  The groups that used some kinds of audio/visual aides tended to succeed in presenting the details of their research.  This TFG assignment format does encourage DWC students to keep up high standard of research, which will enable them competent theatrical artists later on.

The attendance rate of this winter term stayed about the same as the fall term.  Most students are within the range of two absences, which do not harm their final grades.  It is unfortunate that many DWC students did not turn in their written responses for the plays.  We should have potentially around 205 papers for 5 plays, but the number of the papers that I have received by the dead week was only 27.  This may signify 10 percent of DWC students prepared for the discussion, following Professor Luciano’s instruction.  I can not say the rest of them did not read the play beforehand, but 27 is not a positive number.    

(End of Journal/Thanks for reading)

Enclosure. Grade Book